NC Farm Bureau Mut Ins Co, Inc. v. Lunsford

Jon Moore

Legislative Vice President

Jon Moore grew up in the Kansas City, Missouri area before graduating college from Northwestern University and earning his law degree from Georgetown University Law Center. He focuses his practice on personal injury and medical malpractice.  He has been named a “Super Lawyer” by North Carolina Super Lawyers magazine from 2017 through 2021.  Moore has served as chair of the Products Liability section and the Auto Torts & Premises Liability section. He has served on the NCAJ’s Legal Affairs committee for several years, and authored multiple amicus briefs and served on multiple moot court panels.  

Doug Maynard

Law Offices of C. Douglas Maynard Jr.

C. Douglas Maynard Jr. worked as an insurance adjuster for several years prior to beginning the practice of law representing people against insurance companies. He has resolved multiple cases in excess of $1 million, including denied life insurance, liquor liability/motor vehicle collision, and workers’ compensation claims. 

Maynard practices in litigation and arbitration of personal injury and workers’ compensation claims, as well as handling many insurance coverage disputes, denials, and beneficiary disputes. 

Case Link View Now
Opinion Filed August 13, 2021
Attorney for the Case Jason Burton
Amicus Brief Writers Jon Moore Doug Maynard
Court NC Supreme Court
Docket No. 242A20

NCAJ filed an amicus brief in the North Carolina Supreme Court in support of the Defendant-Insured in a declaratory judgment action instituted by the Defendant’s automobile insurance company. The Defendant-Insured was severely injured in a motor vehicle collision caused by the driver of the vehicle in which she was a passenger. This at-fault driver was insured by a Tennessee liability policy with $50,000 in liability coverage and $50,000 in Underinsured Motorist (UIM) coverage. The Defendant-Insured had $50,000 in UIM coverage under her own auto policy issued by NCFB.


The trial court ruled in favor of NCFB’s request for Declaratory Judgment, and held that the at-fault vehicle in which the Defendant-Insured was a passenger was not an “underinsured vehicle.” As such, the trial court ruled that no benefits were available under the Defendant-Insured’s NCFB policy since the limits of NCFB’s UIM coverage equaled the liability coverage under the Tennessee insurance policy. In a 2-1 Opinion authored by Judge Chris Brook (in which Judge Donna Stroud “concurred in the result”), the Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court’s ruling. The Opinion stated that North Carolina law controlled the analysis, and because the Defendant-Insured was a “Class II insured” (e.g., occupant of the vehicle) of the at-fault vehicle, she was not allowed to stack UIM benefits under the at-fault vehicle’s policy in order to access her own UIM benefits under the NCFB policy. The Opinion indicated that had the Defendant-Insured been a “Class I insured” (e.g., named insured or resident relative of the named insured), she would have been allowed to stack UIM benefits under the at-fault vehicle’s policy, and thus receive UIM benefits under her NCFB policy. In support of its position, NCFB contended Tennessee law controlled the interpretation of the Tennessee policy; however, the Opinion contained no discussion of this choice-of-law contention, and appeared to hold that North Carolina law controlled.


NCAJ filed an amicus brief arguing that the Opinion wrongly created a distinction between “Class I” and “Class II” insureds that is at odds with established North Carolina Supreme Court precedent, and directly conflicts with prior decisions of the Court of Appeals. Namely, in 2009, the Court of Appeals in the case of Benton v. Hanford, held that a “Class II” insured (e.g., occupant of the vehicle) was allowed to stack UIM benefits under an at-fault vehicle’s policy when the insured was an occupant of that vehicle. Benton was a significant victory for NCAJ members, in that it beat back repeated efforts by insurers to limit available insurance coverage to innocent victims. The logic of the Court of Appeals’ decision in Lunsford directly conflicts with the Benton decision, and is already being used by automobile insurers to deny UIM coverage to “Class II” insureds injured while a passenger in the at-fault vehicle. While pointing out this conflict with prior Court of Appeals’ authority, as well as Supreme Court authority, NCAJ’s amicus brief argued that the North Carolina Supreme Court should affirm the rights of “Class II” insureds to stack UIM coverage on the vehicle in which they were injured.